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【挑戰題】捷克語構詞系統及自由詞序

2019-11-28

您將於下題中發現,捷克語擁有豐富的構詞系統及自由的詞序。請觀察捷克語與其相對應的英文翻譯:

(1) 請將下列英文句子翻譯成捷克語。(註:因詞序不受限,翻譯無唯一答案,但您也可使用英文中的詞序進行翻譯。)

1. Petr wants to fly with Jana.

2. Maru?ka lived in Prague with Filip.

3. I didn't live with Jakub.

4. Jakub went with Anna to the cinema.

(2)請將下列捷克語的句子翻譯成英文。

5. Neletnla jsem s Petrem k mo?i.

6. Rudolf nechce abych letela do Prahy.

7. Anna chce aby Petr ?il v Praze s Janou.

8. Potkal jsem Janu.

答案:(此部分請倒轉排)

1. Petr chce letnt s Janou.

2. Maru?ka ?ila s Filipem v Praze.

3. Ne?il jsem s Jakubem.

4. Jakub jel s Annou do kina.

5. I didn't fly to the sea with Petr.

6. Rudolf doesn't want me to fly to Prague.

7. Anna wants Petr to live with Jana in Prague.

8. I met Jana.

(註:詞序無嚴格要求,但一些介詞如with, to, in 等後應緊接名詞。)

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