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【英文應試攻略】詞彙搭配得宜 寫作流暢自然

2018-06-06

要在DSE寫作考試中取得好成績,不一定需要使用極其困難的詞彙,也不一定需要使用非常複雜的句子。反而,能夠自然流暢地寫出重點,及表達個人意見更為重要。

同學應盡量避免陳腔濫調(Clichms),常見的Clichms包括:"Don't cry over split milk"、"Brave as a lion"、"A coin has two sides"及"The pendulum swings"等。

學習詞彙搭配

為提高文章的流暢度,詞彙搭配得宜最重要。例如聽音樂,我們會說"Listen to music",但不會說"Hear music"。雖然"Listen"和"Hear"的行為相同,但兩個字存在細微差別。"Hearing"是指發生在身上的過程。"Listening(to)"則指一種有意識地做的行為。

因此,我們可以說"Hear a noise",但我們不會說"Hearing music is my hobby"。如果你知道某些詞彙應該與哪些詞語一齊運用,就可避免不必要的錯誤及尷尬的表述。

避免過度使用Transitional words

Transitional words是指"However"、"Moreover"、"First"及"Second"等詞。適量使用它們無疑能增強文字的流暢性,幫助讀者更易閱讀文章。儘管如此,過度使用它們,可能會使作品顯得不自然。例如:

Example

Although climbing Mount Everest may appear to be a far-fetched dream, it is not something that is totally impossible. Indeed, even a layperson could attempt it in two to three years, if he or she climbs frequently and if he or she is sufficiently dedicated. Thus, what is the best way to get prepared for the challenge? To begin with, you should take a course in rock climbing. Moreover, you should practice rock climbing. Then, you should get to know aid climbing. Importantly, aid climbing will introduce you to various techniques needed in climbing rocks. Furthermore, you should practice ice climbing. Finally, you should prepare yourself psychologically for the big challenge.

顯然在上面的例子,能看到何謂過度使用Transitional words的意思。為了讓你的文章變得自然,你需要刪除一些Transitional words。

Exercise:

Revise the following paragraph to reduce the number of transitional words. You may add additional phrases or words.

Thus, what is the best way to get prepared for the challenge?To begin with, you should take a course in rock climbing. Moreover, you should practice rock climbing. Then, you should get to know aid climbing. Importantly, aid climbing will introduce you to various techniques needed in climbing rocks. Furthermore, you should practice ice climbing. Finally, you should prepare yourself psychologically for the big challenge.

Suggested Answers

Thus, What is the best way to get prepared for the challenge?To begin with, you should take a course in rock climbing and moreover, you should practice it. Once you know rock climbing sufficiently well, Then, you should get to know aid climbing. Importantly, aid climbing, which will introduce you to various techniques needed in climbing rocks. Then, you should practice ice climbing. Finally, you should and prepare yourself psychologically for the big challenge.

■Dr. A. Chan,哲學博士,哲學碩士,英語講師。熟悉公開考試之出題模式與評分準則,任教英語。

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