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【英文應試攻略】改寫非照抄

2018-02-14

上期和同學討論過有關提升Paper 3 Listening and Integrated Skills的表現,其中不可忽略的是改寫技巧(paraphrasing skills)。今天將會繼續談改寫的技巧。

簡單來說,改寫就是把原文重點保留,並以自己的文字去重寫(rewrite);有效的paraphrase應有以下的特點:原文的意見及重點被保留;看上來跟原文在文字或表述上很不同,令讀者不覺得有重複。

用同義詞 改變句式

因此,要達到以上的條件,在寫paraphrase時,作者都會盡量運用同義詞(synonyms),以及改變句子的形態(sentence patterns),例如將簡單的句子(simple sentence)變成為複雜的句子(complex sentence)。

此外,在考試時,同學可能遇到一些題目需要分析表格、圖表、圖表中的數字信息,然後資料改寫成文字表達出來。

把數字轉化成文字其實亦是一種rewrite。(參考例子見表)

Percentage Vocabulary for describing percentage

0% Nobody/ None of the respondents/ students/ participants

<10% Almost no one/ Few of the respondents 

20% One fifth/ The minority of people

25% A quarter of the respondents

50% Half of the participants

75% Three quarters / Three in four of them

90% The (vast) majority

100% All the students unanimously

Exercise

Please revise the following sentence so that it does not look too close to the original.

According to a research project, about 50% of the respondents expressed that the Basic Competency Assessment (BCA) should be canceled.

Suggested answer

A recent poll has shown that respondents' views towards the continued implementation of the Basic Competency Assessment (BCA) are mixed, with approximately half preferring a phase out of this controversial policy.

■Dr. A. Chan,哲學博士,哲學碩士,英語講師。熟悉公開考試之出題模式與評分準則,任教英語。

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